A baby is considered premature when it is born before the full 37 weeks of gestation. It will be considered extremely premature when the birth occurs before 32 weeks of gestation. Different factors can lead to premature birth, including a multiple pregnancy, congenital anomalies or the mother’s lifestyle.
Prematurity represents a risk for the baby and its correct development. This risk varies depending on the gestation time and any medical issues that may occur. The most frequent medical complications are perinatal asphyxia (caused by a lack of oxygenation due to the immaturity of the lungs) and intraventricular brain haemorrhages. In addition, premature babies may show symptoms of anaemia, neonatal infection, low blood sugar, jaundice or intestinal inflammation. This is why they undergo a range of tests and neonatal interventions.
Although a great deal of progress has been made in the medical field to increase the survival of premature babies, different sequelae can occur that may remain during the baby’s first years of life or even throughout their entire life. According to scientific studies, 40% of very preterm babies have different degrees of cognitive problems at the age of 5. A highly diverse range of alterations can appear, from the presence of learning or attention deficit disorders, to physical and motor alterations such as hemiplegia.
The Child Neuropsychological Intervention always takes place in individualised sessions which work individually with each child or young person.
In order to devise a child occupational therapy treatment programme adapted to the needs of each individual child, several key aspects are explored in the first sessions:
During the first sessions of child physiotherapy, we examine the child and collect all the data needed to set up a personalised programme, including an interview with the family to find out relevant aspects in order to establish the most appropriate plan for the child’s recovery:
Child speech therapy begins with an assessment involving a physical examination of the child and the administration of standardised tests and questionnaires.
The treatment of children’s cognitive telerehabilitation with Guttmann, NeuroPersonalTrainer® (GNPT®) is an active process that helps children with cognitive disorders, learning difficulties or behavioural problems to:
Music therapy is one of the treatment options available at Guttmann Barcelona, for both adult and paediatric patients affected by neurological injuries or diseases at different stages within the rehabilitation process.
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