Do you know what neurological prehabilitation is?
Before a surgical treatment of a brain tumor, prehabilitation is a set of interventions prior to surgery to optimize the rehabilitation process once the intervention has taken place. In this interview, Dr. Josep M Tormos speaks in depth on the subject.
The challenge of surgery in the 21st century is to improve precision in surgical injury or develop less invasive procedures. The current challenge focuses on acting before the intervention to optimize the recovery capacity of each person.
What is prehabilitation?
Clinical experience continually shows us that patients with the same disease, with a similar degree of affectation, who undergo the same surgical process and receive the same postoperative care, may present different complications and even evolve in a way different. The explanation for this phenomenon lies in the interindividual variability between patients regarding the presence of factors that could act as protectors or promoters of recovery and other factors that could make it difficult. The most interesting thing is that many of these factors are modifiable and it would be possible, in theory, to develop personalized programs to optimize them prior to performing the intervention.
In digestive, cardiac and respiratory surgery (among other disciplines), there are numerous studies that reflect the benefit of physical conditioning programs (improvement of aerobic capacity), reduction of overweight, quitting tobacco or alcohol consumption and training in relaxation techniques and stress management involved in the intervention. This set of interventions prior to surgery to optimize the rehabilitation process once the intervention has taken place, it is known as prehabilitation.
Is it possible to prevent the sequelae of surgery in the treatment of brain tumors?
In the nervous system, in particular, there are a series of circumstances that increase the attractiveness of prehabilitation in the prevention (and subsequent recovery) of the sequelae of surgery of the ... read more in SiiDon.